Gezer Calendar

The Gezer calendar is a 10th century BCE inscribed limestone tablet discovered in excavations of the ancient Canaanite city of Gezer, 20 miles west of Jerusalem, Israel.

Gezer is Located Northwest of Jerusalem

The calendar was discovered in 1908 by R.A.S. Macalister of the Palestine Exploration Fund. The calendar inscribed on a limestone plaque describes monthly or bi-monthly periods and attributes to each a duty such as harvest, planting, or tending specific crops. It is one of the oldest known examples of Hebrew writing. It reads:

  • Two months gathering (September, October)
  • Two months planting (November, December)
  • Two months late sowing (January, February)
  • One month cutting flax (March)
  • One month reaping barley (April)
  • One month reaping and measuring grain (May)
  • Two months pruning (June, July)
  • One month summer fruit (August)
  • Gezer Calendar

    It is in the Istanbul archaeological museum.

    Istanbul Archaeological Museum
    Pilate Stone

    Lachish Relief

    Pool of Bethesda